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What is the Ketogenic Diet?

Epilepsy…Metabolic Syndrome…Polycystic Ovary Syndrome…Diabetes…Alzheimer ’s disease…Multiple Sclerosis…Cancer.

All different conditions yet sharing two common factors—insulin and leptin resistance.

What is the role of insulin and leptin in the body and how do the terms relate to the ketogenic diet?

Well, insulin, a hormone made in the pancreas, is responsible for converting sugar from carbohydrates into energy and helping the body store for future use; while leptin, on the other hand, helps control appetite by communicating to the brain how much fat is stored and how and when to use for energy. Therefore, an imbalance of one or both eventually leads to (a) inflammation in the body and (b) damage to cells, thus creating the perfect combination for developing chronic disease.

It is here that achieving a state of ketosis and adapting a ketogenic diet becomes the key to disease prevention and improving health.

And What is Ketosis?

Ketosis is the end result after training the body to rely on using fat as its fuel source and therefore leading to a healthy and stable body weight. You may ask, well, how do I get there?

First, it’s important to begin by reducing consumption of sugars (processed and natural) from foods such as grains, starchy vegetables and fruits, with the intention of training your body to seek an alternative fuel source: fat. Keep in mind that this refers to GOOD fats such as that in avocados, coconut oil, salmon, or grass-fed butter and NOT fats from hamburgers, a milk chocolate bar, or a Starbucks coffee.

Once the body realizes that that glucose is absent, the body begins to use the digested fats to burn off fat and leading to production of ketones, molecules produced by the liver that circulate in the body. As the level of ketones rises, the body enters into ketosis and therefore producing more energy while altering the body’s metabolism to burn fat more easily.

Unsure if you have reached a state of ketosis? An easy and reliable option is to purchase urine test strips (no prescription necessary) to measure ketone levels in the urine. When in doubt, a blood test may also confirm ketone levels to ensure a favorable response to diet changes.

The secret to achieving ketosis however, lies in eating the right foods and avoiding foods that are unfavorable.

What Can You Eat While on the Keto Diet?

Contemplating on starting the keto diet? Creating a food list of best keto foods to eat and foods that can set you back will be an essential part of the process.

  • Eat lots of healthy fats at each meal

  • MCT oil

  • Cold-pressed coconut oil

  • Olive oil

  • Flaxseed oil

  • Avocado oil

  • Butter

  • Ghee

  • Lard

  • Chicken fat

  • Duck fat

  • Proteins

  • Grass-fed meats (beef, lamb, goat, veal, venison)

  • Poultry (chicken, turkey, quail, pheasant, hen, goose, duck)

  • Organ meats such as liver

  • Cage free eggs and yolk

  • Fish (tuna, trout, anchovies, bass, flounder, mackerel, salmon, sardines)

  • Non-starchy vegetables

  • Leafy greens (dandelion, beet greens, collards, mustard, turnip, arugula, chicory, fennel, romaine, spinach, kale, chard)

  • Cruciferous vegetables (broccoli, cabbage, Brussel sprouts, cauliflower)

  • Celery, cucumber, zucchini, chives, leeks

  • Fresh herbs

  • Fat based fruit

  • Avocado

  • Snacks

  • Bone broth

  • Beef or turkey jerky

  • Condiments

  • Spices and herbs

  • Hot sauce

  • Apples cider vinegar

  • Unsweetened mustards

  • Drinks

  • Water (80-96 oz. a day)

  • Tea

  • Unsweetened coffee

  • Bone broth

Please avoid these food for best results!

  • Sugar. That includes syrups maple, carob, corn, caramel, fruit; natural sweeteners such as honey and agave; and foods with fructose, glucose, maltose, dextrose, and lactose, and all processed sugars.

  • Grains. Wheat, oats, rice, quinoa, couscous, pilaf; corn products like popcorn, tortillas, grits, and cornmeal; all flour products such as bread, bagels, rolls, muffins, and pasta.

  • Most processed foods such as crackers, chips, pretzels; candy; desserts such as ice cream, cookies, cakes; pancakes, waffles, and baked breakfast goods; oatmeal and cereals; snacks such as granola bars, most protein bars, and meal replacement items; canned and boxed foods; and foods with artificial ingredients such as artificial sweeteners (sucralose, aspartame), dyes, and added flavors.

  • Drinks such as soda, alcohol, sweetened tea, coffee drinks, milk and milk replacements (cow, soy, coconut, lactaid, cream, half & half) and fruit juices.

Basically, the more natural and unpackaged your food, the better!

Although it may be overwhelming at first, there are many f